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KS2: Food Hygiene

In this lesson plan, students will go through an interactive quiz which follows the process of preparing a meal. Along the way, students will have to make decisions about what to do next to maintain good food hygiene practices.

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Learning objectives
All students will:
  • Understand that microbes can be found on our food and can transfer to humans
  • Understand that cooking food properly can kill harmful microbes
  • Will understand that bacteria multiply very quickly
Most students will:
  • Understand that refrigeration only stops microbes growing, it doesn’t kill them.
  • Understand the difference between “use buy” and “best before”
Background Information

Microbes can be both useful and harmful in the food industry. Microbes can be used to make food and drink, e.g. the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is used to make bread and beer. Lactobacilli bacteria are used in yoghurt and cheese making.

However, some microbes found in food can lead to food poisoning e.g. bacterial species such as Salmonella, E. coli and Campylobacter are commonly found on raw meats and can cause diarrhoea and vomiting in humans and sometimes even death – though this is rare. Food hygiene practices can reduce the risk of foodborne illness and food spoilage.

In this lesson plan, students identify the microbes that are commonly found in different foods and learn how to improve food hygiene practices so that these microbes don't make people ill.

Main activity:
  • Kitchen Check
Main Activity video
Extension activities:
  • Fridge Raiders
  • Food Hygiene Quiz
  • Spot the Mistake
  • Label Sort
Curriculum links


  • Health and prevention


  • Working scientifically
  • Living things and their habitats
  • Animals, including humans


  • Reading and comprehension
  • Spoken language

Design & Technology:

  • Cooking and nutrition
Supporting Materials
Teacher sheets
KS2 Food Hygiene Teacher Guidance
TS1 Fridge Raiders
Student worksheets
SW1 Food Hygiene Quiz
SW2 Spot the Mistakes - B&W
SW2 Spot the Mistakes - Colour
SW3 Label Sort Worksheet
Student handouts
SH1 Class Discussion
SH2 Class Discussion - Answers
SH3 Fridge Raiders
SH4 Fridge Raiders