Skip to main

KS2: Antibiotics

In this lesson, through teacher-led discussion and debate, students learn the importance of using antibiotics and other medicines appropriately.

Scroll down for more information and to download resources.

Download the complete lessonDownload DOCXDownload PDF
Learning objectives
All students will:
  • Understand that most common infections get better on their own through time, bed rest, hydration and healthy living
  • Understand that if antibiotics are taken, it is important to finish the course
  • Understand that antibiotics treat bacterial infections only
  • Understand that they should not share antibiotics or other medicines that are prescribed by a doctor or healthcare professional
Most students will:


Background Information

The body has many natural defences to help fight against harmful microbes that can cause infection. However, in some cases, microbes can cross these barriers and enter our bodies. The majority of the time the immune system defeats any harmful microbes entering the body, however, in some cases the immune system needs help.

Antibiotics are special medicines used to treat bacterial diseases, such as meningitis, tuberculosis and pneumonia. They do not harm viruses or fungi. Some antibiotics stop the bacteria reproducing and others kill the bacteria.

In this lesson plan, students explore how infection prevention can avoid the need for antibiotics, and how our immune system will often fight off infection without antibiotics. Through the use of comic strips, students are introduced to the importance of only using antibiotics as prescribed by a doctor.

Main activity:
  • Comic Strip
Main Activity video
Extension activities:
  • Antibiotics Flashcards
  • Word Mix Up
Curriculum links


  • Health and prevention


  • Working scientifically
  • Animals, including humans


  • Reading and comprehension
  • Spoken language
Supporting Materials
Teacher sheets
KS2 Antibiotics Teacher Guidance
TS1 Teacher Discussion Points
Student worksheets
SW1 Word Mix Up Game Sheet
Student handouts
SH1-2 Antibiotics Comic Strip
SH3 Antibiotics Flashcards